Full Professor of Contemporary History at Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Head of Department of Historia Contemporanea at the same university. Visiting Scholar at the Institute of Latin American Studies at Columbia University (1979), and at Harvard University in 2003 (Center for European Studies) and Fellow of Real Colegio Complutense at Harvard University in 2003. Author or editor of some books, among them “El Partido Republicano Radical (1908-1936)” (1976), “Los nuevos historiadores ante la guerra civil española”, “Los significados del 98. La sociedad española en la génesis del siglo XX” and “Fernando de los Rios. Un intelectual en el PSOE” (2007). He has just published a new edition of Vicente Cacho Viu’s, “La Institución Libre de Enseñanza. I. Orígenes y etapa universitaria (1860-1881)” (Fundación Albéniz y Sociedad Estatal de Conmemoraciones Culturales, Madrid, 2010) and it’s about to publish an edition of letters between Indalecio Prieto and Fernando de los Ríos. His main fields of research are intellectual history, electoral studies, political biographies and Spanish republicanism and socialism.
“Spain – USA, USA – Spain: a late interchange between two traditions of liberalism”
Thinking about nation and society, normally intense among people who live far from their own country, takes on a higher relevance if this distance is due to political exile. We can find one of the first examples of this situation at the end of the 18th century, when some were forced to leave their countries as a result of their criticism of the political system.
This thinking concentrated on the social models of social organization in others countries. In addition to the French model, that was always the most familiar and studied by Spanish intellectuals and politicians, there was also from the beginning of the 20th century, a gradual interest in “emergent societies”, especially Germany.
In this sense, the interest in American models of social organization emerged later. The enthusiasm that figures such as Washington Irving, William Prescott, or George Ticknor had shown for the Spanish past did not find its equivalent in Spain until the mid 20th century, when George Santayana and Gregorio del Amo’s projects–with their special features–came up. Important figures such as Federico de Onís or Josep Pijoan embodied the most advanced positions among this cultural exchange. The Republican exile after the Spanish Civil War fostered this exchange and strengthened the intellectual communication that is the focus of this study.